There are a plethora of options when it comes to buying rugs, but Persian rugs are the most popular. These rugs have been around for more than 2500 years. Their creators, the Persians, can be called the first people who created pile rugs. The history of Persian rugs is interesting and makes them more unique. These rugs were used in the old days by nomads not just as floor coverings but as protection from the cold as well.
The beauty of Persian rugs comes from the art, which was refined over a long period of time. It was influenced by the rule of different rulers over the years. These were originally made from wool and were hand-knotted. Many hand-knotted rugs from India are inspired by the Persian art of making carpets. This industry advanced with different rulers coming into power and promoting the art of rug making. It flourished to the point that it gained worldwide popularity. Everyone knew about Persian rugs and wanted to have some for themselves.
Materials Used To Make Persian Rugs
Possessing a Persian rug was a status symbol and still is. One of the reasons for that is the fine material used to make them. The primary materials used to make Persian rugs are:
- Wool - Rugs made with wool are incredibly luxurious, soft, and comfortable. They provide warmth and their texture provides a soothing feeling. They may be soft, but they don’t fall victim to wear and tear easily. They are long-lasting despite their delicate look. For these reasons, wool is used so commonly for handmade rugs. If you go and buy hand-knotted rugs, especially Persian ones, you will find that most of them are made of wool.
- Silk - Silk is an expensive fabric because of its superfine properties. This is a primary reason, Silk rugs are exclusive and not on sale generally. They are most suitable to be used as wall hangings because of their beauty and delicate nature. If they are treated carefully, they can last long without showing any signs of wear and tear.
- Cotton - Cotton is the least used material in high-quality Persian rugs. It is usually used to create the base of luxurious rugs. However, some rugs are made of cotton blended with other fabrics. That makes them more affordable than wool and silk rugs but less durable than them.
Types of Persian Rugs
Persian rugs are a type of pile rug, but there are also various types of Persian rugs. They mostly differ in style due to the different regions where they are made. They are traditional Persian carpets of modern-day Iran, which were first woven by nomads and tribal people of the numerous regions of the country. The only thing common about these rugs is the symmetry of their design. Some of the types of Persian rugs are:
- Tabriz Rugs - This style of Persian rug belongs to Tabriz, the capital city of Azerbaijan. This city has been the prime source of Persian carpets for over a thousand years. The distinctive features of these carpets include the design of medallions, hunting scenes, trees, and more. They are made from wool, silk, or a blend of both.
- Heriz Rugs - This is the most popular type of Persian rug due to its elaborate and bold patterns. The artisans use vibrant colors to enhance the beauty of these rugs. The most common pattern woven into these rugs is a medallion in the centre. Durability is the most important thing which customers love about these rugs.
- Kashan Rugs - Kashan rugs are known for the design of a medallion at the centre and intricate corner patterns. Floral patterns or designs of different patterns of leaves are also popular in Kashan rugs. Most commonly, rich colours like red and deep blue are used to dye them.
- Isfahan Rugs - These rugs have a surface of cotton or silk with wool threads woven into them in different patterns. There is a higher knot count in these rugs as compared to other Persian rugs. This makes them very durable and of extremely high quality. Like other Persian rugs, these rugs also use the design of a medallion as the most common pattern. They also have patterns of vines, flowers, trees, and animals. The background upon which these patterns are woven is usually ivory.
How are Persian Rugs Made?
Luxurious Persian rugs are usually hand-knotted. That is why you can easily find a Persian hand-knotted carpet online. The dense knotting of the threads creates a pile that makes these rugs thick and plush. The higher knot count increases the quality of the rugs and makes them last a long time.
How Long Do Persian Rugs Last?
Persian rugs are built to be long-lasting. Machine-made rugs can fall victim to wear and tear easily but handmade rugs are extremely durable. High-quality Persian rugs are densely knotted and that makes them sturdy. If the rugs are hand-knotted, that is even better. Persian runner rugs are also flat woven as it is easier to produce a longer rug through the method of flat weaving.
Cost of Persian Rugs
Luxurious Persian rugs, especially handmade ones, are expensive because of their high quality, beautiful art, and vibrant colours. The price of the rug differs according to the type of Persian rug, density of knots, the quality of the material, the pattern, and more. The time taken to create the rugs is also a big factor which decides their cost.
How to Clean Persian Rugs?
You should never handle your Persian rugs recklessly. Make sure not to let any spills leave a stain. Clean them immediately. To take care of dust, you can just shake the rug to get it out or sweep it with a broom. You can also use a vacuum but don’t do it too frequently. For deep cleaning, you can either choose to do it yourself or get a professional cleaning service for it.
These are just a few of the things you should know before buying a luxury Persian rug. Once you know what you are investing in, you can make the right decision about which type of rug to buy. You can easily find Indian rugs online that are inspired by the Persian art style and then decide which one to adorn your floors with.
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